The majority of water used on farms was applied to pastures and crops. 4610.0.55.008). for cooling purposes, for cleaning/washing as well as for employees’ use) and is either provided by a public supplier or self-supplied. Aquaculture water use is water associated with raising organisms that live in water—such as finfish and shellfish—for food, restoration, conservation, or sport. For more information on the expected economic impacts of the Bushfire and COVID-19, please see the ABS Chief Economist Series paper Measuring natural disasters in the Australian economy. » See also OECD Compendium of Agri-environmental Indicators (2013), ‌Water Resources in Agriculture: Outlook and Policy Issues. The States should improve the recording of area under still water by appropriate modification of land use statistics. Withdrawals for livestock use were an estimated 2,000 Mgal/d for 2015, less than 1 percent of total freshwater withdrawals. Final estimates from the ABS' annual agricultural survey are available each year in this publication (Water Use on Australian Farms) as well as in a number of other ABS publications. Agriculture is by far the largest consumer of the Earth’s available freshwater: 70% of “blue water” withdrawals from watercourses and groundwater are for agricultural usage, three times more than 50 years ago. Indeed, drought and flood risks are likely to become a major policy concern as increasing population will increase the demand for food, feed, fibre, and energy, not to mention the competition for water resources, and urbanisation will increase the demand for flood protection and mitigation, raising the issue of the allocation of flood risks across sectors and areas. The exercise strove to identify what agro-food companies consider as prevalent agricultural water risks and how they have acted against those risks. ‌‌Water Quality and Agriculture: Meeting the Policy Challenge. This report reviews the main linkages between climate change, water and agriculture as a means to identifying and discussing adaptation strategies for better use and conservation of water resources. Agriculture was the single largest water-consuming industry, accounting for … Agriculture’s water quality and quantity challenges continue to grow in many regions of the world. This study reviews policy approaches to droughts, floods and typhoons in Myanmar, the Philippines, Thailand and Viet Nam in an effort to identify good practices and strengthen the resilience of the agricultural sector. It assesses the costs and benefits of agriculture's impact on water systems, and contains a number of case studies on agriculture and water pollution at the regional (European Union, the Baltic Sea) and national (France, Britain and Australia) levels as well as in specific areas (Lake Taupo, New Zealand and Chesapeake Bay, United States). Mitigating Droughts and Floods in Agriculture - Policy Lessons and ApproachesOECD Studies on Water. The report provides a characterisation of the diversity of groundwater systems, reviews policies in OECD countries, and proposes a package of recommendations to ensure that groundwater can sustain its services to agriculture and contribute to climate change adaptation. Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), © Water risk hotspots for agriculture: The case of the southwest United States OECD Food, Agriculture and Fisheries Papers, No. Organisation for Economic, Strengthening policy innovation for water use in agriculture, Green Talks LIVE - Water Risk Hotspots for Agriculture, Agriculture and groundwater - feeding billions from the ground up, Turning groundwater into farmers’ underground insurance against climate change, Reforming water policies in agriculture: Lessons from past reforms, Mitigating Droughts and Floods in Agriculture - Policy Lessons and Approaches, See also OECD Compendium of Agri-environmental Indicators, Access the OECD.stat database on water-use and quality in OECD countries, Facilitating policy change towards sustainable water use in agriculture, Pathways to policy change on water in agriculture, Agriculture and groundwater- feeding billions from the ground up, OECD Workshop on water information systems. » Access the OECD.stat database on water-use and quality in OECD countries. Drought conditions meant reduced water availability for many Australian farming businesses in 2018-19. Furthermore the industrial sector is a major water polluter, as only up to 60 % (value based on data from eight countries… Even if accurate, the U.S. Department of Agriculture estimates that more than 46% of U.S. land is used for agriculture, making it the largest use of land in the country. Irrigation Water Use Estimates TWDB is legislatively directed to plan for, and to assist financially, the development and management of the water resources of Texas. no. Groundwater has provided great benefits to agriculture irrigation in semi-arid OECD countries, but its intensive use beyond recharge in certain regions has depleted resources and generated significant negative environmental externalities. Final estimates of the gross value of agricultural commodities that are produced with the assistance of irrigation data will no longer be released in Gross Value of Irrigated Agricultural Production (cat. Water waste in agriculture The gap between water supplies and water demand is increasing in many areas of the world: in those areas already suffering water lacking, increasing drought will be the major constraint to agricultural 8 million megalitres of water was used in agricultural production (down 24% from 2017-18) 7.2 million megalitres of water was applied to crops and pastures (down 26%) 2 million hectares of agricultural land was irrigated (down 15%) 21,900 farms applied water to their land (down 2%) 4627.0) will be available on request from the second half of 2020. It examines projected water risks by mid-century without additional policy action, and discusses the expected implications for the agriculture sector, based on a review of existing data and available publications. By 2050, the global water demand of agriculture is estimated to increase by a further 19% due to irrigational needs. agriculture (5 per cent) mining and oil and gas extraction (3 per cent) The report noted that total household water use was down 16 per cent compared with 2005 data. Some data, such as trade data, must be purchased (a summary is available from the Department of State Growth), but other data are available for free, and are typically broken down to the state, Statistical Division, and Natural Resource Management (NRM) region levels. 96. Belgium, for example, uses 80% of the water available for industry. Governments need to improve the economic efficiency and environmental effectiveness of policies that seek to improve water resource use efficiency and reduce water pollution from agricultural systems. Blogs, articles and videos based on OECD work on agriculture and water: Reforming water policies in agriculture: Lessons from past reforms OECD Food, Agriculture and Fisheries Papers, No. Final estimates for land management, similar to those previously published in Land Management and Farming, Australia (cat. The chart below shows the water withdrawal ratios by continent, where the agricultural part varies from more than 80 percent in Africa and Asia to just over 20 percent in Europe. This New York Times article on agricultural water use in California suggests that we’re shipping 100 billion gallons of water a year to China in the form of alfalfa. Estimates are presented at Australia, state & territories levels. This release previously used catalogue number 4618.0, Measuring natural disasters in the Australian economy, Gross Value of Irrigated Agricultural Production, Water Use on Australian Farms methodology, 2018-19 financial year, 8 million megalitres of water was used in agricultural production (down 24% from 2017-18), 7.2 million megalitres of water was applied to crops and pastures (down 26%), 2 million hectares of agricultural land was irrigated (down 15%), 21,900 farms applied water to their land (down 2%), 1.3 million megalitres for cotton (down 53%), 1 million megalitres for fruit and nuts (up 7%), 882,000 megalitres for sugar cane (down 13%), 1.5 million megalitres for pastures and cereals fed off (down 18%), 454,400 megalitres for pastures and cereals cut for hay (down 5%), 214,900 megalitres for pastures cut for silage (up 11%), 1.1 million hectares of agricultural land irrigated (down 26%), 4.4 million megalitres of water applied (down 35%), 1.2 million megalitres for cotton (down 51%), 803,000 megalitres for pastures and cereals crops used for grazing (down 36%), 769,000 megalitres for fruit and nuts (up 13%), $334 million of extra water was purchased on a temporary basis (up 66% from 2017-18), $104 million was purchased on a permanent basis (up 84%), $266 million was the total cost of annual irrigation charges (up 9%), 1.2 million megalitres of extra water was purchased on a temporary basis (down 30%), 114,000 megalitres of extra water was purchased on a permanent basis (down 7%), 2.7 million megalitres from irrigation channels or pipelines (down 31%), 2 million megalitres from rivers, creeks or lakes (down 33%), 2.3 million megalitres of groundwater (up 6%), 759,600 megalitres from on-farm dams or tanks (down 35%), 115,000 megalitres from recycled or reused water from off-farm sources (down 27%), 49,100 megalitres from town or reticulated mains supply (down 9%). More related OECD data, analysis and publications: For questions on OECD work on water use in agriculture, contact the Trade & Agriculture Directorate. The volume of water used by irrigated agriculture has been estimated to be between 51% and 63% of total water available. The per capita water availability that fell by 15% during the first  decade of this century to 1545 cubic meters per person,  will be  below 1400 cubic meters per person this summer. Annual statistics about agriculture in the United Kingdom to 2018. Sustainable agriculture Agriculture is the major user of water in most countries. While agricultural productivity growth and policy development have allowed to better cope with these risks and reduce overall impacts on the sector and commodity markets, there is substantial room to improve policy responses and co-ordinate across policy domains, including with respect to water rights and allocation, weather and hydrological information, innovation and education, and insurance and compensation schemes. But the competition for water is increasing and the costs of water pollution can be high. This report analyses eight past water and agriculture policy changes in OECD countries with the aim to identify steps towards adopting and implementing such solutions effectively. In the 2015 Environmental Accounts we included some data on water use and abstraction, relating to 2011. On 9 November 2016, the OECD, in partnership with the Ministry of Economic Affairs of the Netherlands, organised a workshop on Managing water risks for agriculture: a discussion with the private sector, at the OECD headquarters, Paris, with the objective to engage into a public-private discussion on future water risk assessment and innovative responses in the agro-food sector. Agriculture Agricultural output, Agricultural policy, Fisheries, Sustainable agriculture Development Development resource flows, Official development assistance (ODA) Economy Corporate sector, Foreign direct investment (FDI), GDP and spending, Household accounts, International trade, Leading indicators, National income, Prices, Productivity Agriculture contracted by 1.11 percent in the fourth quarter of 2016. In 2018-19, 5 million megalitres were applied to Crops (70% of all water applied): Of the 2.2 million megalitres applied to Pastures (30% of all water applied): Lower than average rainfall and resulting drought in many catchment areas resulted in decreased water available for irrigation. At a higher level, OECD's work on agriculture and water is also embedded into  the December 2016 OECD Council Recommendation on Water. Water as a resource Water resources refer to the freshwater available for use in a territory and include surface waters (lakes, rivers and streams) and groundwater.Renewable water resources are calculated as the sum of internal flow (which is precipitation minus actual … Drying Wells, Rising Stakes : Towards Sustainable Agricultural Groundwater Use. Trends in Water Use and Quality Since 1990 (chapter from Environmental Performance of Agriculture in OECD Countries Since 1990) OECD agricultural water use rose by … There are 330 million acres of land used for agricultural purposes in the United States that produce an abundance of food and other products (2). 4610.0). Agricultural Water Use in Canada – 2010 Table of contents – continued 7 Total irrigated area by crop type, 2010 25 7-1 Province or region 25 7-2 Drainage region 25 8 Average irrigated area per irrigated farm by crop type, 2010 26 8-1 The discrepancies between the two sources of data namely, Livestock Census and State reports with regard to data on fishermen, fishing craft and gear should be reconciled by adoption of uniform concepts and definitions and review of these statistics at the … Nearly half of OECD member countries record that nutrient and pesticide concentrations in surface water and groundwater monitoring sites in agricultural areas exceed national drinking water recommended limits - which brings significant treatment costs for some countries. It also faces the enormous challenge of producing almost 50% more food by 2030 and doubling production by 2050. Policy options can help mitigate these projected water risks, such as agricultural and urban water efficiency improvements, refined groundwater management, investment in water banks and recycled wastewater systems, and well-defined water transfers. It also faces the enormous challenge of producing almost 50% more food by 2030 and doubling production by 2050. The source of this data was the Department for Environment, Food In industrialized nations, however, industries consume more than half of the water available for human use. The geographical scale and scope of a reform, the dynamic pattern of reform pathways, and compensation for farmers, also contribute to shape the reform’s outcome. The Water … Statistics Canada will also use the survey results to report on total water use by sector in Canada. This will probably have to be achieved with less water, mainly because of pressure from growing urbanisation, industrialisation and climate change.